- High School: Phillips Academy in Andover, MA.
- College: Amherst College in Amherst, MA; B.A. degree.
- Rolf Institute® in Boulder, CO; training and certification, 1974.
- Upledger Institute: study of craniosacral therapy, with John Upledger, D.O.,
beginning in 1984.
- Barral Institute: study of visceral manipulation, with Jean Pierre Barral, beginning in 1992.
- Western States Chiropractic College in Portland, Oregon; graduated cum laude 1991; D.C. degree; licensed in Oregon.
- Oregon College of Oriental Medicine in Portland, Oregon; study of acupuncture and oriental medicine; graduated 2002, MAcOM degree; licensed in Oregon